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What is Motion Preservation Surgery?

Motion preservation surgery or Motion Preservation Spine Surgery (MPSS) is a relatively new surgical method employed as an alternative to standard spinal surgeries, such as spinal fusion surgery and disc replacement surgery in select patients to treat spinal conditions of the cervical and lumbar area and restore normal motion of the spine.

Spinal stenosis is one of the disorders that cause severe spinal pain. The common treatment employed for spinal stenosis is conventional spinal fusion surgery. This involves the fusion of 2 vertebrae permanently. Although the fusion surgery is effective in relieving pain, it ends up restricting normal motion of the spine and may also increase the risk of developing adjacent-level degenerative disc disease, which may warrant additional surgery. Motion preservation surgery serves as an effective alternative to spinal fusion surgery as it not only alleviates pain and restores normal motion of the joints, but also overcomes limitations associated with traditional spinal fusion.

Motion preservation spine surgery refers to a variety of newer surgical techniques that aim at preservation of the spine movement by replicating normal or near-normal biomechanics by utilizing a wide variety of motion preservation devices.